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Interview questions for C#.Net

1. What’s the top .NET class that everything is derived from?

  • System.Object.

2. Does C# support multiple-inheritance?

  • No. It supports only user interfaces.

3. Who is a protected class-level variable available to?

  • It is available to any sub-class (a class inheriting this class).

4. Are private class-level variables inherited?

  • Yes, but they are not accessible. Although they are not visible or accessible via the class interface, they are inherited.

5. Describe the accessibility modifier "protected internal" ?

  • It is available to classes that are within the same assembly and derived from the specified base class.

6. What does the term immutable mean?

  • The data value may not be changed. Note: The variable value may be changed, but the original immutable data value was discarded and a new data value was created in memory.

7. What’s the difference between System. String and System.Text.StringBuilder classes?

  • System. String is immutable. System.StringBuilder was designed with the purpose of having a mutable string where a variety of operations can be performed.

8. What’s the advantage of using System.Text.StringBuilder over System. String?

  • String Builder is more efficient in cases where there is a large amount of string manipulation. Strings are immutable, so each time a string is changed, a new instance in memory is created.

9. Can you store multiple data types in System.Array?

  • No.

10. What’s the difference between the System.Array.CopyTo() and System.Array.Clone()?

  • The Clone() method returns a new array (a shallow copy) object containing all the elements in the original array. The Copy To () method copies the elements into another existing array. Both perform a shallow copy. A shallow copy means the contents (each array element) contains references to the same object as the elements in the original array. A deep copy (which neither of these methods performs) would create a new instance of each element's object, resulting in a different, yet identical object.

11. How can you sort the elements of the array in descending order?

  • By calling Sort() and then Reverse() methods.

12. What’s the .NET collection class that allows an element to be accessed using a unique key?

  • HashTable.

13. What class is underneath the Sorted List class?

  • A sorted Hash Table.

14. Will the finally block get executed if an exception has not occurred?

  • Yes.

15. What’s the C# syntax to catch any possible exception?

  • A catch block that catches the exception of type System. Exception. You can also omit the parameter data type in this case and just write catch {}.

16. Can multiple catch blocks be executed for a single try statement?

  • No. Once the proper catch block processed, control is transferred to the finally block (if there are any).

17. Explain the three services model commonly know as a three-tier application.

  • Presentation (UI), Business (logic and underlying code) and Data (from storage or other sources).

Questions on Classes

18. What is the syntax to inherit from a class in C#?

  • Place a colon and then the name of the base class.
    Example: Class MyNewClass : MyBaseClass

19. Can you prevent your class from being inherited by another class?

  • Yes. The keyword “sealed” will prevent the class from being inherited.

20. Can you allow a class to be inherited, but prevent the method from being over-ridden?

  • Yes. Just leave the class public and make the method sealed.

21. What’s an abstract class?

  • A class that cannot be instantiated. An abstract class is a class that must be inherited and have the methods overridden. An abstract class is essentially a blueprint for a class without any implementation.

22. When do you absolutely have to declare a class as abstract?

  • 1. When the class itself is inherited from an abstract class, but not all base abstract methods have been overridden.
    2. When at least one of the methods in the class is abstract.

23. What is an interface class?

  • Interfaces, like classes, define a set of properties, methods, and events. But unlike classes, interfaces do not provide implementation. They are implemented by classes, and defined as separate entities from classes.

24. Why can’t you specify the accessibility modifier for methods inside the interface?

  • They all must be public, and are therefore public by default.

25. Can you inherit multiple interfaces?

  • Yes. .NET does support multiple interfaces.

26. What happens if you inherit multiple interfaces and they have conflicting method names?

  • It’s up to you to implement the method inside your own class, so implementation is left entirely up to you. This might cause a problem on a higher-level scale if similarly named methods from different interfaces expect different data, but as far as compiler cares you’re okay.

27. What’s the difference between an interface and abstract class?

  • In an interface class, all methods are abstract - there is no implementation. In an abstract class some methods can be concrete. In an interface class, no accessibility modifiers are allowed. An abstract class may have accessibility modifiers.

28. What is the difference between a Struct and a Class?

  • Structs are value-type variables and are thus saved on the stack, additional overhead but faster retrieval. Another difference is that structs cannot inherit.

Comments Post a Comment

indra 9/16/2010 (IST) / Reply

thanks for your help

harini 3/17/2012 (IST) / Reply

very helpful. thank you....